Note information

Now that you have had an overview of the concept of noteworthy strings and the noteworthy class that provides this structure to objects, next consider the noteinfo class. noteinfo objects are similarly built from character strings. Note information is supplemental information that is stored in a noteinfo object. A note info string is generally a companion to a noteworthy string. They share many of the same properties as noteworthy objects and have similar generic method implementations.

The noteinfo class

The data stored in a noteinfo object always includes duration, but can also consist of various other pieces of sheet music notation markup syntax; information that is distinct from the pitch itself, for example slurs or staccato notes. Because all the available information aside from note duration tends to be specifically relevant to sheet music transcription, you can find more details in the transcription vignettes that introduce the phrase class. It is worth browsing the table in the phrases vignette if any note info notation below is unfamiliar.

Checking note info

A string can be checked directly with informable.

#> [1] TRUE
#> [1] FALSE

This reports whether the entire string conforms to all requirements for it to be valid noteinfo syntax. In the special case where only durations are provided and no other information, and these durations do not include any triplets "t" or dotted notes ".", then an integer vector will suffice. Even so, a digit like 5 does not belong.

Coercion

Use as_noteinfo to coerce to a noteinfo object. Here are the print and summary statements.

#> <Note info string>
#>   Format: space-delimited time
#>   Values: 2. 4.. 8 t8-. t8- t8^ 16
#> <Note info string>
#>   Timesteps: 7
#>   Format: space-delimited time
#>   Values: 2. 4.. 8 t8-. t8- t8^ 16

Similar to noteworthy object, here are some generic methods as applied to the noteinfo class.

Other methods

#> [1] 7
#> <Note info string>
#>   Format: space-delimited time
#>   Values: 16 t8^ t8- t8-. 8 4.. 2.
#> <Note info string>
#>   Format: space-delimited time
#>   Values: 4.. 8 t8-.
#> <Note info string>
#>   Format: space-delimited time
#>   Values: 2. 1( 2) t8-. t8- t8^ 16

Note info functions

As with the noteworthy class, there are helper functions available that make it convenient to extract and manipulate the data in noteinfo objects. Here are some examples.

a <- notate("t8x", "Start here")
x <- paste(a, "t8x t8-. 16 4.. 16- 16 2^ 2 4. 8( 4)( 4) 8*4 1 1")

info_duration(x)
#> <Note info string>
#>   Format: vectorized time
#>   Values: t8 t8 t8 16 4.. 16 16 2 2 4. 8 4 4 8 8 8 8 1 1
info_slur_on(x)
#>  [1] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE  TRUE  TRUE
#> [13] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
info_slur_off(x)
#>  [1] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE  TRUE
#> [13]  TRUE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
info_slide(x)
#>  [1] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE  TRUE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
#> [13] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
info_dotted(x)
#>  [1] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE  TRUE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE  TRUE FALSE FALSE
#> [13] FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
info_annotation(x)
#>  [1] "Start here" NA           NA           NA           NA          
#>  [6] NA           NA           NA           NA           NA          
#> [11] NA           NA           NA           NA           NA          
#> [16] NA           NA           NA           NA

info_duration is a handy function that strips away all information but note durations. Most of the other functions return logical vectors indicating timesteps where certain types of information are present. info_annotation extracts text annotations at timesteps, returning NA where there is no annotation.

Use cases

It is unlikely to have reason to use noteinfo objects in isolation. They are meant to compliment noteworthy objects of the same timestep length. You will see them used in combination to construct phrases for sheet music transcription, but also to build a music object. Music objects are the subject of the next tutorial.

The key takeaway here is that noteworthy- and noteinfo-class objects are intended to provide clean separation of sound and time, respectively. It is true that note information can be more than just duration, including notation markup that represents things that have an effect on how a note sounds, but the focus here is specifically on separating pitch from time (and everything else).

There is much analysis that can be done on a sequence of pitches alone. The temporal information meant to be included in a noteworthy object is at the rank level. There is a temporal sequence; the object is built around timesteps. But interval/ratio level data is not part of the definition. When this is needed, noteinfo is paired with pitch.